The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is again outraged by statements from Russian officials, first President Putin and now Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, that weaponize falsified history to justify an unprovoked war of exceptional brutality against the Ukrainian people.
“To claim that Hitler was Jewish and imply that Jews were responsible for Nazism and the Holocaust is an antisemitic lie of extraordinary proportions,” said Museum Chairman Stuart E. Eizenstat. “In addition to promoting baseless conspiracy theories and hatred, this obscene claim is a grave offense to the victims of true Nazism, the six million Jews and millions of other civilians, and cannot obscure Russia’s perpetration of mass atrocities in Ukraine.”
Israeli leaders on Monday demanded an apology and denounced Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov for saying Nazi leader Adolf Hitler “had Jewish blood” and that Jews are among the worst antisemites.
Lavrov made the remarks during an interview with Italian television, in which he claimed Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s Jewishness did not undercut Russia’s claims that its invasion of Ukraine was meant to “denazify” the country.
“The aim of such lies is to blame the Jews themselves for the most terrible crimes in history that were committed against them, thus freeing from responsibility the oppressors of Israel,” Prime Minister Naftali Bennett said in a statement from his office.
Bennett’s denunciation followed stronger condemnation from Foreign Minister Yair Lapid and other Israeli ministers.
“This is an unforgivable and scandalous comment, a terrible historical error and we expect an apology,” Lapid said. “Hitler was not of Jewish origin and the Jews did not murder themselves in the Holocaust. The lowest form of racism against Jews is blaming the Jews themselves for antisemitism.”
Added Lapid: “We are making every effort to maintain good relations with Russia, but there is a line, and this time the line has been crossed. The Russian government must apologize to us and to the Jewish people.”
Persistent conspiracy theories that Nazi leader Adolf Hitler had some Jewish ancestry that may have motivated his antisemitism and the murder of six million Jews have been repeatedly debunked by historians.
Lapid said Russian Ambassador Anatoly Viktorov would be summoned for “a not-so-easy talk.” According to the Foreign Ministry, Viktorov has been called in for a “clarification conversation.”
Russia’s embassy in Israel declined to comment on Lavrov’s statements or on the summons to the Foreign Ministry.
The conversation with Viktorov, which is scheduled to take place late Monday afternoon, will be held by Gary Koren, the ministry’s Deputy Director-General and head of the Eurasia Division.
“A new low for antisemitism was reached this morning,” tweeted Deputy Foreign Minister Idan Roll, who said Lavrov’s remarks were part of a “disturbing trend of disparaging the Holocaust” by Russian leaders amid the invasion of Ukraine.
Bennett said: “As I’ve already stated, no current war is similar to the Holocaust.” He was echoing previous criticism aimed at Zelensky’s comparison of the Russian invasion to the Holocaust.
“The use of the Holocaust of the Jewish people as a political tool must cease immediately.”
Several other members of the Israeli government condemned Lavrov’s remarks.
Finance Minister Avigdor Liberman said Lavrov’s comments were “absurd” and should never have been uttered, adding that he expects a clarification and apology.
Communications Minister Yoaz Hendel called Lavrov’s comments “delusional” and said they were aimed at justifying the “terrible things” that Russia is doing in Ukraine.
“For historical accuracy: Hitler did not have Jewish blood and what is happening in Ukraine is outrageous,” he told Army Radio.
Hendel noted that Israel’s national Holocaust Remembrance Day was last week.
“Denigrating the Holocaust is something that I’m not willing to accept and nothing should be compared to the acts of the Nazis,” he said.
Diaspora Affairs Minister Nachman Shai called for Lavrov to “immediately” retract the comment.
“Hitler did not have ‘Jewish Blood’ and repeating this abhorrent falsehood puts blame for the worst antisemitic crime in history on Jews,” he said in a statement. “Blaming Jews for crimes against Jews is intrinsically antisemitic.”
Israel has avoided aligning too closely with either side since Russian troops invaded Ukraine on February 24. It is one of the few countries that maintains relatively warm relations with both Ukraine, a fellow Western democracy, and Russia.
However, the rhetoric coming from Jerusalem shifted in the wake of the reports of widespread civilian killings by the Russians, with Lapid explicitly accusing Russia of war crimes last month. Moscow has also recently publicly criticized Jerusalem, over its decision to supply defensive gear to Kyiv and a suggestion by Israel’s ambassador to Ukraine that streets be renamed in the Ukrainian capital for those who saved Jews during the Holocaust.
Public Security Minister Omer Barlev said Lavrov’s comments “harm the memory” of those murdered by the Nazis. “They also create a dangerous false equivalence that is based on antisemitic lies, in a way that encourages the spread of a false narrative and which may lead to a wave of antisemitism toward Jews across the world, particularly in Russia.”
Deputy Public Security Minister Yair Golan also denounced Lavrov’s remark.
“A shocking, antisemitic utterance that is completely false. It reflects what the Russian government really is: a violent government that doesn’t hesitate to wipe out its rivals at home, invade a foreign country and falsely accuse it of renewing Nazism,” Golan told Kan public radio.
Lavrov’s comments were also denounced Sunday evening by Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust museum as “false, delusional and dangerous, and worthy of all condemnation.” The Holocaust memorial and other groups representing survivors have previously condemned the Russian claim that Ukraine needed to be “denazified,” saying it was “not based on fact, it distorts and trivializes the Holocaust, and we deplore it.”
Lazar Berman and agencies contributed to this report.